One of the most spectacular and photogenic locations at Ancient Salamis (see my earlier post) is the ruins of the Roman gymnasium. The colonnaded entrance to the gymnasium complex can be seen in my previous post.
These actual ruins date back to the second century and most probably to the reign of Hadrian (117–138AD), but the site has been used as gymnasium since the Hellenistic period (323-31BC). The gymnasium complex comprises a colonnaded square (restored in the 1950s), a small pool area, latrines and multiple headless statues. The gymnasium was an important part of Greek culture and was used for gymnastics, exercise, training, wrestling, public games and as a medical centre. However, they held much less importance for the Romans, who believed gymnastics were conducive to idleness and immorality.
It is not clear why all the statues are headless/faceless, but one theory is that they were removed by the early Christians who considered them “graven images”. Another theory is that the heads were simply destroyed by one of the many earthquakes that struck the region. It’s believed that the central plinth (as seen on the left of the photo) may have once housed a statue of Augustus.
17 Replies to “Roman gymnasium”
loving your Cyprus series, I think I mistook the first of Salamis for Amathus, as I have not been to Salamis, but the run down- not looked after theme is the same. Lovely toning.
Thanks. Didn’t get chance to see Amathus, but would have liked to (we had a couple of “pool days”). So many fantastic places to visit in Cyprus.
Love the color you chose with this pic. The warmth of the columns, and the greenery makes this photo all the more interesting to look at, Stevie. Well done!
Yes, I really like the overgrowth on the ruins, seems to heighten the sense of a long gone civilisation.
Excellent composition, and again…my mind drifts to imagining what this looked like when it was occupied, and what a alien world that would be to us now. Thanks for sharing these, and your accompanying commentary.
Mine too. I always try to imagine the people going about their daily business. Yes, a very different world, but not everything would be totally alien to us and the Roman’s left a strong and lasting legacy that helped shape Western culture and can still be felt to this day.